The plant Camellia, reached its popularity in 1848 following the success of the novel by Dumas, The Lady of the Camellias "; where he tells the story of Margaret who always wore bunch an "Camellia"Since then, the Camellia flower began to be used as an ornament of necklines and hems of ladies dresses; Madame Chanel used on the business suit.
The Camellia, called by the Japanese with name tsubaki, have shiny leaves, tree is a plant originating from China and Japan, where it plays an important role in religious practices, because it represents the divine presence. It is a genus of plant of family Theaceae. The camelia is name chosen by Linnaeus, in homage to the Jesuit missionary Georg Joseph Kamel, pharmacist and botanist (1661-1706).
The Camellia plant is a shrub or small tree, Evergreen, the leaves are a glossy dark green lanceolate leaves, the flowers are simple with 5-6 petals, white, pink or red, without perfume or perfumed; are plants adapted to temperate climates and humid.
We know the Camellia as a wonderful flowering plant but actually in their places of origin, namely in China and Japan, is a magnificent shrub that is more than ten meters high, much ramified, with smooth bark and produces among other things, a very hard wood.
On the slopes of Vesuvius between 1700 and 1800 was one of the most cultivated flowers to beautify the villas of Miglio d'Oro, where Camelia japonica, Camelia riticulata and Camellia sinensis from whose leaves are used to produce tea. has found a great land: fresh soil rich the humus poor by limestone.
The gardens of villa Campoleto at Herculaneum, one of the beautiful mansions along the golden mile, to discover the beautiful Camellia flower, protagonist of the gardens.